Andry Plantation

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Description

Located on the German Coast in St. John the Baptist Parish, the Andry Plantation was a sugar plantation in colonial and antebellum Louisiana. Owned by Manuel Andry, colonel of the militia, the plantation played a primary role in the German Coast Uprising. On January 8, 1811, a slave hired out to the Andry Plantation named Charles Deslondes incited the largest slave revolt in antebellum history. Almost assassinated “by the stroke of an axe” himself, Manuel Andry lost his “poor” son in the initial uprising of his slaves. [1]

The Uprising

After Andry’s son became one of the first casualties in the revolt, the slaves moved raucously downriver from plantation to plantation. Like a whirlwind, the growing revolt drew fugitives from each plantation that they raided. The “horde of brigands committed every kind of mischief and excesses” on their march towards New Orleans. [2] As the only records of the uprising exist from the perspective of the American government and the planter elite, the nature of the actions and behaviors of the slaves are left to the historians. While Governor Claiborne treated the slaves as murderers and thieves, we can see them as temporarily free men fighting against their bondage. In the eyes of Claiborne, the “gang of atrocious banditt[s]” was confronted at the Fortier Plantation, in present day Kenner, and successfully “slaughter[ed]” by the New Orleans militia. [3] The fugitives used the buildings of the Fortier Plantation’s sugar refinery to mount their defense against the militia. However, due to their insufficient arms and organization, many died or were captured in the fighting. [4] If they were not captured or killed, many slaves dispersed quickly to the woods. To maintain further law and order, Col. Andry requested a detachment of regular troops from Gov. Claiborne to accomplish the “tranquility of [their] coast.” [5]

Works Cited

  • Manuel Andry, Manuel Andry to Gov. C. C. Claiborne, January 11, 1811, from the Complete Records of Charles Deslondes Revolt, NA:SD, Orleans Terr. Papers, XII, The Slave Rebellion Website, copyright 2010, accessed December 3, 2012, http://slaverebellion.org/index.php?page=compelete-records-of-charles-deslondes-revolt#_ftnref3.
  • Manuel Andry, Manuel Andry to Gov. C. C. Claiborne, January 11, 1811, from the Complete Records of Charles Deslondes Revolt, NA:SD, Orleans Terr. Papers, XII, The Slave Rebellion Website, copyright 2010, accessed December 3, 2012, http://slaverebellion.org/index.php?page=compelete-records-of-charles-deslondes-revolt#_ftnref3.
  • Manuel Andry, Manuel Andry to Gov. C. C. Claiborne, January 11, 1811, from the Complete Records of Charles Deslondes Revolt, NA:SD, Orleans Terr. Papers, XII, The Slave Rebellion Website, copyright 2010, accessed December 3, 2012, http://slaverebellion.org/index.php?page=compelete-records-of-charles-deslondes-revolt#_ftnref3.
  • Wade Hampton, Wade Hampton to the Secretary of War, January 16, 1811, from the Complete Records of Charles Deslondes Revolt, NA:WD, Go, Old Recs. Div.:AIS, The Slave Rebellion Website, copyright 2010, accessed December 3, 2012, http://slaverebellion.org/index.php?page=compelete-records-of-charles-deslondes-revolt#_ftnref3.
  • Manuel Andry, Manuel Andry to Gov. C.C. Claiborne.

This page was last modified on 04 December 2012, at 03:56

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Andry Plantation